campus distribution of CNIC
On April 20, 1994, a 64Kbps international dedicated line to the Internet was opened at Computer Network Information Center (CNIC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and China has since then achieved full-functional connection to the Internet and become the 77th country on the Internet on a permanent basis. On May 24, 1994, the first root server of the .cn national domain name was established in China. The State Science and Technology Commission formally approved the establishment of CNIC in March, 1995.
Vint Cerf, one of "fathers of the Internet", impressed by the first .CN domain name server at CNIC
CNIC has a long history of providing network, computing and data services to the Chinese research community and science outreach services to the general public. As one of the pioneers in China to construct the earliest backbone networks, CNIC has established itself as an important member of the international academic network and achieved high-speed connections with Internet backbones at home and abroad. As China's earliest provider of supercomputing service, CNIC plays a key role as the operation management center of China National Grid and the supporting organization of Center of Scientific Computing Applications and Research of the CAS. As the constructor and operator of the National Basic Science Data Center and the scientific database of the CAS, CNIC has established the largest research data storage facilities and basic science data resources covering the broadest range of academic disciplines. Based on the advanced cyberinfrastructure and digital information in and out of the academy, CNIC initiated China Science and Technology Cloud during the 4th World Internet Conference, which is a national platform to provide scientists with efficient and integrated cloud solutions in the retrieval, access, use, transaction, delivery and other aspects of sharing scientific information and relevant services. In addition, CNIC initiated and operates Virtual Science Museums of China, which has become a well-known national platform for promoting public understanding and appreciation of science.
history of development
Apart from a large number of ministerial-level R&D projects, CNIC has been undertaking various national key R&D projects supported by Ministry of Science and Technology and National Natural Science Foundation of China on several areas such as advanced network and network technologies, cloud computing and big data, and high performance computing. CNIC also plays a key role in domestic academic organizations such as the Vice President unit of Internet Society of China, the specially-appointed Vice President unit of China Information Association, the founding and Secretariat organization of China Supercomputing Innovation Alliance, and the Vice President unit and Secretariat organization of the Chinese National Committee for the Committee on Data of International Science Council. By the end of 2019, CNIC has received four 2nd and one 3rd National-level Prizes, as well as one outstanding, six 1st, four 2nd and three 3rd provincial/ministerial-level prizes. CNIC has owned 204 patents, 359 registered software copyrights, 8 registered trademiarks and 24 approved standards.
Overview of R&D directions of CNIC
CNIC has established partnerships with international academic organizations such as EGI Foundation, GéANT, GWDG, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, Kano University of Science and Technology in Nigeria, Nile Center for Technology Research in Sudan, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Internet2 and U.S. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, on a broad range of topics such as the development of open science cloud, advanced network and network technologies, persistent identifier service, and computing technologies and applications.
CNIC partners congratulated the release of CSTCloud 2.0 in 2019
CNIC also participates in various international organizations or initiatives such as founding organization of the Global Ring Network for Advanced Application Development, supporting organization of the Committee on Data (CODATA) of International Science Council and academia participant of International Telecommunication Union; and has experts holding executive or consulting positions in several organizations such as CODATA, Asia Pacific Advanced Network and World Wide Web Consortium. In addition, CNIC has organized various influential international conferences, such as three annual conferences of CODATA, 9th IEEE International Conference on e-Science, eighteen sessions of Chinese-American Networking Symposium, and thirteen sessions of International Conference on Theoretical and High Performance Computational Chemistry, and five CODATA training workshops for developing countries.
By the end of 2019, CNIC has 463 regular employees including 187 senior technical professionals, and 219 graduate students including 66 Ph.D. candidates. Graduate programs have been established on computer science and technology (Ph.D. and M.S.), cybersecurity (M.S.) and electronic and information engineering (M.E.).
Looking into the future, CNIC maps out its blueprint based on its strategic plan towards big R&D center supported by national key research facilities, rich information resources and advanced R&D capacities.
six 2019 graduates of CNIC looking forward to the future